Method 0010/23/8270D

Semivolatile Organic Compounds, Dioxins and Furans from Stationary Sources


This is a modified method to allow for simultaneous sampling and analysis for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) from stationary sources.  This is often commonly referred to in the industry as a joint train because two sampling methods are combined in order to save costs when sampling from the same source at the same conditions.  SVOCs are loosely defined as those compounds with a boiling point greater than 100 °C. The PCDDs/PCDFs determined are seventeen 2,3,7,8-substituted isomers considered to be the most toxic.  Total PCDDs/PCDFs by congener group (e.g. Total TCDD, PeCDD) are also reported.

Samples are collected isokinetically using a modified Method 5 train which consists of a glass fiber filter containing no organic binders, XAD-2 resin trap, and a series of impingers. The sampling train is rinsed with acetone and/or methylene chloride followed by toluene.  Acetone and methylene chloride rinses can be combined but the toluene rinses need to be kept separately.  The rinses and impinger water are collected and sent to the laboratory for analysis.  Note that the impinger water is extracted and analyzed for SVOCs. 

Typically all components of the train, including the rinses, are extracted and combined to produce one extract for analysis which represents the entire sampling train.  This extract is then split and 50% of the extract is archived in case there are problems and re-analysis is necessary.  PCDDs/PCDFs undergo an extensive cleanup prior to analysis which is not necessary for SVOCs.  If there are problems with the cleanup, the archived portion of the sample extract can be processed avoiding the need to resample.  The splitting of the extract will not affect the PCDD/PCDF detection limits because they are quantitated using isotopically labeled internal standards.  However, SVOC detection limits from a joint train will be elevated due to the extract split.

Method 0023A is a sampling method for PCDDs/PCDFs similar to 23.  The major difference is that 0023A requires that the front half of the train consisting of the rinses (nozzle, probe, front half filter holder) and filter are extracted and analyzed separately from the back half of the train consisting of the rinses (back half filter holder, condenser coil) and XAD-2 resin.


(EPA SW-846)

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Method Data

Hold Times, Preservatives, Preps, Collection, Analytical & Documentation
Holding Time:   14 days from sampling to extraction and 40 days from extraction to analysis
Preservatives:   Liquid samples (rinses and impinger water) stored on ice for transport to laboratory (4°C± 2).
Required Preps:   XAD resin trap and glass fiber filter with no organic binders
Collection Method:   Modified Method 5 train following Modified SW-846 Method 0010 and EPA Method 23 procedures
Analytical Methodology:   GC/MS (high resolution) for dioxins/furans and GC/MS (low resolution) for SVOCs
Documentation:   0010
23
8270D

Products You Might Need

SKU Item Price
M23 EPA Method 23 Sampling System: Dioxin/Furans $ Call for Price
XAD-Trap XAD Trap, Standard Ball and Socket-Style $178.25 each

Analyte List*

Analyte Formula CAS Number Detection Limit
4-Nitroaniline
C6H6N2O2
100-01-6
20
 µg
4-Nitrophenol
C6H5NO3
100-02-7
20
 µg
4-Bromodiphenyl ether (4-MoBDE, IUPAC 3)
C12H9BrO
101-55-3
20
 µg
2,4-Dimethylphenol
C8H10O
105-67-9
20
 µg
p-Cresol
C7H8O
106-44-5
20
 µg
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
C6H4Cl2
106-46-7
20
 µg
4-Chloroaniline
C6H6ClN
106-47-8
20
 µg
m-Cresol
C7H8O
108-39-4
20
 µg
bis(2-Chloroisopropyl)ether
C6H12Cl2O
108-60-1
20
 µg
Phenol
C6H6O
108-95-2
20
 µg
bis(2-Chloroethyl)ether
C4H8Cl2O
111-44-4
20
 µg
bis(2-Chloroethoxy) Methane
C5H10Cl2O2
111-91-1
20
 µg
bis-(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate
C24H38O4
117-81-7
20
 µg
Di-n-octyl phthalate
C24H38O4
117-84-0
20
 µg
Hexachlorobenzene
C6Cl6
118-74-1
20
 µg
Anthracene
C14H10
120-12-7
20
 µg
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
C6H3Cl3
120-82-1
20
 µg
2,4-Dichlorophenol
C6H4Cl2O
120-83-2
20
 µg
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
C7H6N2O4
121-14-2
20
 µg
Pyrene
C16H10
129-00-0
20
 µg
Dimethylphthalate
C10H10O4
131-11-3
20
 µg
Dibenzofuran
C12H8O
132-64-9
20
 µg
2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin
1746-01-6
10
 pg
Benzo(g,h,i)perylene
C22H12
191-24-2
20
 µg
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
C22H12
193-39-5
20
 µg
1,2,3,7,8,9-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
19408-74-3
50
 pg
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
C20H12
205-99-2
20
 µg
Fluoranthene
C16H10
206-44-0
20
 µg
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
C20H12
207-08-9
20
 µg
Acenaphthylene
C12H8
208-96-8
20
 µg
Chrysene
C18H12
218-01-9
20
 µg
Octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
C12Cl8O2
3268-87-9
100
 pg
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-Heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
35822-39-4
50
 pg
Octachlorodibenzofuran
39001-02-0
100
 pg
1,2,3,4,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin
39227-28-6
50
 pg
1,2,3,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin
40321-76-4
50
 pg
Benzo[a]pyrene
C20H12
50-32-8
20
 µg
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzofuran
C12H4Cl4O
51207-31-9
10
 pg
2,4-Dinitrophenol
C6H4N2O5
51-28-5
20
 µg
4,6-Dinitro-2-methyl phenol
C7H6N2O5
534-52-1
20
 µg
4,6-Dinitro-2-methyl phenol
C7H6N2O5
534-52-1
20
 µg
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
C22H14
53-70-3
20
 µg
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
C6H4Cl2
541-73-1
20
 µg
1,2,3,4,7,8,9-Heptachlorodibenzofuran
55673-89-7
50
 pg
Benzo(a)anthracene
C18H12
56-55-3
20
 µg
2,3,4,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzofuran
57117-31-4
50
 pg
1,2,3,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzofuran
57117-41-6
50
 pg
1,2,3,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
57117-44-9
50
 pg
1,2,3,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
57653-85-7
50
 pg
4-Chloro-3-methylphenol
C7H7ClO
59-50-7
20
 µg
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
C7H6N2O4
606-20-2
20
 µg
2,3,4,6,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
60851-34-5
50
 pg
N-Nitrosodipropylamine
C6H14N2O
621-64-7
20
 µg
Aniline
C6H7N
62-53-3
20
 µg
1,2,3,4,6,7,8-Heptachlorodibenzofuran
67562-39-4
50
 pg
Hexachloroethane
C2Cl6
67-72-1
20
 µg
4-Chlorophenylphenylether
C12H9ClO
7005-72-3
20
 µg
1,2,3,4,7,8-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
70648-26-9
50
 pg
1,2,3,7,8,9-Hexachlorodibenzofuran
72918-21-9
50
 pg
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
C5Cl6
77-47-4
20
 µg
Isophorone
C9H14O
78-59-1
20
 µg
Acenaphthene
C12H10
83-32-9
20
 µg
Diethylphthalate
C12H14O4
84-66-2
20
 µg
Di-n-butylphthalate
C16H22O4
84-74-2
20
 µg
Phenanthrene
C14H10
85-01-8
20
 µg
Butylbenzylphthalate
C19H20O4
85-68-7
20
 µg
N-Nitrosodiphenylamine
C12H10N2O
86-30-6
20
 µg
Fluorene
C13H10
86-73-7
20
 µg
Carbazole
C12H9N
86-74-8
20
 µg
Hexachlorobutadiene
C4Cl6
87-68-3
20
 µg
Pentachlorophenol
C6HCl5O
87-86-5
20
 µg
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
C6H3Cl3O
88-06-2
20
 µg
2-Nitroaniline
C6H6N2O2
88-74-4
20
 µg
2-Nitrophenol
C6H5NO3
88-75-5
20
 µg
Naphthalene
C10H8
91-20-3
20
 µg
2-Methylnaphthalene
C11H10
91-57-6
20
 µg
2-Chloronaphthalene
C10H7Cl
91-58-7
20
 µg
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
C12H10Cl2N2
91-94-1
20
 µg
Biphenyl
C12H10
92-52-4
20
 µg
o-Cresol
C7H8O
95-48-7
20
 µg
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
C6H4Cl2
95-50-1
20
 µg
2-Chlorophenol
C6H5ClO
95-57-8
20
 µg
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
C6H3Cl3O
95-95-4
20
 µg
Cumene (Isopropylbenzene)
C9H12
98-82-8
20
 µg
Acetophenone
C8H8O
98-86-2
20
 µg
Nitrobenzene
C6H5NO2
98-95-3
20
 µg
3-Nitroaniline
C6H6N2O2
99-09-2
20
 µg
HpCDD, Total
 
HpCDF, Total
 
HxCDD, Total
 
HxCDF, Total
 
PeCDD, Total
 
PeCDF, Total
 
TCDD, Total
 
TCDF, Total
 

* The analytes and detection limits listed for each method represent the typical detection limits and analytes reported for that particular method. Keep in mind that analyte lists may vary from laboratory to laboratory. Detection limits may also vary from lab to lab and are dependent upon the sample size, matrix, and any interferences that may be present in the sample.