Method 130.2

Hardness, Total (mg/L as calcium carbonate, Titrimetric, EDTA)

This method is for the determination of total hardness from drinking, surface, and saline waters, domestic and industrial wastes.  Eriochrome Black T (EBT) indicator is added to the sample and EDTA (ethylenediamine tetraacetate) is titrated into the sample.  EBT has a red color in the presence of free calcium and magnesium ions and a blue color when the cations are sequestered which indiates the endpoint of the titration.

The method is suitable for all concentration ranges of hardness, however, in order to avoid large titration volumes, use a sample aliquot containing not more than 25 mg calcium carbonate. Automated titration may be used. 

Suspended of colloidal organic matter can intefere with the endpoint.

(EPA: Office of Water)


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Method Data

Hold Times, Preservatives, Preps, Collection, Analytical & Documentation
Holding Time:   6 months from sample collection to analysis.
Preservatives:   Cool to 4°C and add nitric acid to pH < 2.
Required Preps:   250 mL HDPE or amber glass bottle
Collection Method:   Grab sampling
Analytical Methodology:   Titration
Documentation:   130.2

Analyte List*

Analyte Formula CAS Number Detection Limit

* The analytes and detection limits listed for each method represent the typical detection limits and analytes reported for that particular method. Keep in mind that analyte lists may vary from laboratory to laboratory. Detection limits may also vary from lab to lab and are dependent upon the sample size, matrix, and any interferences that may be present in the sample.